How You Can Participate in Governance as an American Citizen

One of the most fundamental rights of a citizen of any nation and particularly a citizen of the United States, is your right to participate in governance. And whether you’re a US citizen by birth, naturalization, marriage, or through your US citizen-parents, democracy in the United States will be incomplete without you.

Democracy, as defined by the respected American President Abraham Lincoln as “government of the people, for the people and by the people allow you, the citizen, to be actively involved in the government’s selection and management. The ability to participate in government is an exclusive right and a golden responsibility which you can’t afford to neglect. Thus, to curb politics apathy- a significant clog in the wheel of any nation’s progress, here are ways you can actively participate in governance as an American citizen.

1.  Vote During Elections

In any country or state that practices democracy, elections are the primary determinants of such a characteristic democratic nation’s validity. An election is a people’s process by which citizens who’re the electorates can choose responsible candidates to represent their interests and steer the societal rudder for a specific period. In the United States, presidential elections get held every four years, specifically November, while congressional elections occur every two years.

While presidential elections are given prominence in many nations, as a citizen who’ve satisfied the official voting age, eighteen years, you’ve got to participate in every credible poll in the US. Yet, presently in the United States, it’s a unique period when as an eligible citizen, you can take advantage of your right to select the rightful presidential electors of your choice who’ll choose the presidential candidates on December 14, 2020. Lack of elections in a state or country can lead to monarchy, dictatorship, and authoritative governance in which the minority rules and the majority suffers.

To avoid this in the United States, consider participating in the forthcoming election actively, and choosing the right candidates-electors. As a responsible American citizen, the nation’s interests should, as a matter of fact, trump every personal ambitions or goals. In choosing your preferred candidates, consider placing the nation’s growth and progress as a priority criterion to guide your choice.

2.  Attend Political Conferences and Debates

Although the constitution doesn’t specifically ensure presidential debates, they’ve become a vital culture attending the presidential elections, which you’ve got to participate in as a citizen. While presidential debates aren’t and shouldn’t be the only determinant of your selection, they can serve as excellent litmus tests to know whom you can choose. Similar to how a comprehensive review can help you choose the best devices for smoking wood flavor and smoking ribs in electric smokers.

Notably, it hasn’t been specified whether there’ll be on-stage presentation or audience due to the current ravaging coronavirus pandemic, but whatever the organizational’s mode, consider participating irrespective of your desired candidates. Consider attending every reasonable political conference and debate, which can help you make the right decisions politically.

3.  Pay Your Tax

In the US, typically lost revenue and deliberate errors as tax evasion amount to $458bn per year. As an American citizen, paying your taxes timely and regularly is an effective way you can participate in governance. The government’s primary revenue source is the income taxes, and therefore evading your tax payments denies the government’s ability to perform necessary obligations and tasks if all citizens act likewise. The government can perform responsibilities such as providing public or utility goods if you participate in governance by paying your taxes timely.

4.  Obey the US Constitution

Rules and regulations are fundamentals of any society, including a democratic state, as the US. There are US essential laws that you’ve got to be conversant with and obey then accordingly. Governance includes the making of rules and regulations that guides citizens’ behaviors and conducts. Consider making government effective by following the laws and regulations of the land.


As an American citizen, we can’t overemphasize your role in the nation’s growth and development.  Without you, governance is ineffective. Thus, participate in government, avoid being a passive citizen, and let’s uplift the nation tremendously.

What Americans Need to Know About Water Safety

The US can boasts of drinking quality and safe water thanks to its competent state officials. However, as much as the government does its best to provide clean water, handling it at home or in the industries is the main challenge.

Besides, the type of water you also consume is also a significant part of water safety.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPS) – the governing body handling water issues- ave strict regulations that govern water safety.

It is this reason that all tap water in the US is safe for drinking. The tough question is, what kind of water reaches American taps?

Is it hard water or soft water? The perception that Americans have on hard water needs to be changed. 

Although it may not be sweet water compared to soft water, it’s relatively safe for use. Some of the reservations surrounding hard water come from its disadvantages

  • Wastes water
  • Forms scum when it contacts with a detergent
  • Elevates the boiling point
  • Affects the digestive system
  • Forms precipitation
  • Discolors clothes
  • Reduces the strength of cement

Water has many uses in the human environment, whether at home or the industries.

As much as the US government provides all services to ensure the water that reaches your house is clean and safe, Americans must exercise due diligence when using water to maximize its safety

What Americans Need to Know About Water Safety

1.      Wear safety jackets while in a water pool

The United States of America is a developed economy and has an advantage of modern facilities, in which they tend to ignore the simple water safety tips.

Whether you are an expert or a novice in swimming, as long as you are in a pool of water, never leave your safety jacket.

It comes in handy during the time of need. Moreover, when traveling in water vessels. It’s must-have protective wear. You never know when tragedy strikes.

2.      Never add additives to water in the name of treatment

The water you have at home is treated and 100 percent safe. Moreover, it has passed through regulations and standards measures, fit for human consumption.

Never doubt the work of EPA. Do you know the lawsuits and legal struggles in case of any mishap in water safety?

That is a route the state officials never want to go through, hence perfect for the protection of water supply.

Therefore, consume and use the water in confidence. The inclusion of other chemical additions in the name of treatment means you are doing it in excess. Remember, these are chemicals that may have adverse side effects on your health.

3.      Use recommended filtration systems

When not privileged to have access to soft water from your taps, the only option is to use water softeners.

We are in a free market. Although the government tends to regulate products in the market; the human nature may allow substandard products in the name of softeners.

Filtration system forms the best option when you want a constant supply of soft water at home.

You have to ensure you get verified systems and personnel to install it at home to enhance your water safety.

4.      Practice water safety tips

The many water use means that safety starts with you. You are in control of the kind of water you consume, even if the government supplies the best.

Here are a few water tips based on their uses that come in handy for its safety


  • Always have your safety jacket
  • Never get in the water to save a friend unless you ate an expert
  • Accompany children while swimming
  • Avoid playing games while in water


  • Never fill the cooking pot to the brim while boiling
  • Don’t leave boiling water unattended
  • Invest in automated water heaters
  • Switch off water heating appliances when not in use

Industrial use

  • Prepare a hazard assessment test as you conduct drills
  • Have an evacuation plan
  • Water is a conductor, regularly check on leakages
  • Invest in automated valves to avoid water flow
  • Engage experts when it comes to managing water systems


  • Avoid accidents by enhancing drainage systems
  • Run maintenance routines for water hoses and pipes
  • Clean up any clogged water to prevent slips

The privilege Americans have on a constant water supply may be a blessing in disguise if proper due diligence isn’t followed.

 It’s evident, the water safety tips are an individual effort, the government does their part, and the rest is left for individuals.

The Global Water Softeners Market: Why the Market is Set to Hit US$1464 Million by 2025

Is your water soft or hard?

Hard water has high mineral content.

It’s rich in magnesium, calcium, and iron ions.


Water hardness increases the more minerals it contains.

The name “hard water” refers to water that’s problematic or difficult to work with.

According to the World Health Organization, hard water is safe for drinking BUT has CORROSIVE and SCALING effects upon prolonged exposure on things or surfaces.

Hard Water and Residential/ Personal Use

  1. Hard water and soap

Hard water reacts with soap to form soap scum responsible for creating a layer of scales on bathroom surfaces. If left on the surfaces for long, the scum becomes difficult to remove.

The mineral content of hard water also reacts with fatty acids in soap. It results in lime soap responsible for reducing the efficacy of soap.

Lime soap is inefficient in washing clothes, hair, and dishes. Therefore, it takes lots of rubbing for soap to lather, resulting in wastage.

  • Hard water and hair

Hair is made up of tiny scales on the shaft or follicle.

Soap scum and high mineral content in hard water cause the scales to stand, resulting in rough hair that easily tangles. As a result, washing rough and tangled hair, and rinsing out soap becomes difficult.

The prolonged buildup of mineral on your hair follicle leads to brittleness and thus break down.

Whereas hair is negatively charged, minerals in hard water are positively charged. This means exposure to hard water still affects hair even without using soap. Such hair becomes weak, dries and dies. Dead hair follicles result in hair loss.

Other effects of hard water on hair include:

  • Greying of hair
  • Sudden hair loss or fall
  • Scalp eczema
  • Split ends
  • Thinning of hair
  • Dull, lifeless and tangled hair
  • Dandruff
  • Brittleness leading to hair breakage
  • Hard water and the skin

Substances such as soap don’t dissolve easily in hard water, leaving a layer of scum or residue on the skin. Washing clothes and bathing increase the risk of skin irritation.

Bathing involves first lathering shampoos, soaps, and conditioners on the body. Slow formation of lather wastes the cleansing agents and makes it difficult to rinse yourself. This is attributed to the residue deposited on your skin as a result of hard water reacting with your soap.

The residue deposited on your skin blocks pores, causing natural oils and moisture leaching from your skin. This causes skin irritation that results in flaky, dry and itchy skin.

Prolonged use of hard water results in dry skin. It also affects sensitive or problematic skin. For instance, it causes more dryness and discomfort on the skin with psoriasis, dermatitis, and eczema.

Therefore, hard water causes a more critical and frequent breaks out of such conditions. Other effects of hard water on the skin include:

  • Dry skin leading to acne break out, itching, cracks, inflammations, and flakiness
  • The total failure of the skin’s natural antimicrobial properties because natural oils don’t reach the epidermis
  • Eczema
  • Free radicals on healthy skin cells from hard water impurities breakdown collage, leading to wrinkles formation
  • Hard water and laundry

Lots of detergent goes into softening hard water instead of cleaning your clothes. The result is more detergent being used when washing.

Hard water reacts with detergent and the residue left behind to form small particles of minerals known as soap curd scum. Together with soap, the scum acts on delicate cloth fibers, weakening and thus shortening the lifespan of your clothes.

Hard water results in yellowing of white clothes, fading of colors, reducing fabric life, and increasing washing machine wear. It also results in using more detergent, additional rinses, and extra wash cycles to clean your laundry.

Other effects of hard water on laundry include:

  • Fabrics feel harsh and stiff
  • Weakened fabric fibers
  • Fading color and yellowing, graying or dying of fabric
  • Colored fabrics develop grey or white patches
  • Hard water and kitchenware or bathroom fittings

Hard water reacts with soap to form a scum that affects sinks, kitchenware, bathroom fittings, tiles, etc.

Scales and film build-up on kitchen and bathroom fixtures, including tiles. Other effects include:

  • Shortened water heater lifespan
  • Blackening of expensive bathroom fittings
  • Clogging of pipes and plumbing fixtures such as showerheads, leading to failure of water heaters, washing machines, and dishwashers.
  • White film on dishes and glasses; noticeable even after cleaning
  • Power wastage and increased energy bills
  • Impairs the functioning of washing machines, dishwashers, and kettles
  • Forms carbonic acid that corrodes pipes

Hard Water and Industrial Use

Hard water also affects industries negatively as follows:

  • Wastes soap, minerals adhere to fabrics, impart colored spots on fabrics, and affects shades of colors on dyed clothes in the textile industry
  • Affects sugar crystallization and results in deliquescent in the sugar industry
  • Reacts with expensive dyes to form impure shades and spots on fabrics in the dyeing industry
  • Reacts with materials and chemicals in the paper industry and affects the paper color
  • Wastes soap and cause fabric discoloration in the laundry industry
  • Reacts with drugs to produce undesirable results in the pharmaceutical industry
  • Affects cement hydration, and hardened concrete strength

All these negatives are signs that your water is hard and requires softening.

Benefits of Hard Water

Despite all the disadvantages of hard water, it’s beneficial in the following ways:

  • Strengthens teeth and bones when consumed because it’s rich in iron and calcium, minerals essential for teeth and bone development.
  • It doesn’t cause lead poisoning if lead pipes are used as water inlets into homes because hard water can’t dissolve lead.
  • Safer for drinking and tastes better than soft water

According to a study, hard water is safe for drinking and may have a positive impact on your health.

Water Softeners

Water softeners help convert hard water into soft water to eliminate all the negative effects of using water rich in mineral content.

They use distillation, reserve osmosis, and ion exchange process to convert hard water into soft water.

If you’re tired of the effects of using hard water, you can buy the best water softener that’s made to meet your unique needs.

Forecast into the Water Softener Market

According to QY Research, the international water softeners market hit US$1,036 million in 2018. The figure is forecasted to reach US$1,464 million in the next 5 years.

During the forecast period from 2018 to 2015, the market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.07%. Leaders in the global water softeners market analyzed in the research include:

  • Culligan
  • Coway
  • Whirlpool Corporation
  • EcoWater Systems
  • Harvey Water Softeners
  • BWT AG
  • Haier (GE)
  • Kinetico
  • Aquasana
  • A.O. Smith
  • 3M
  • Canature
  • Kenmore

The companies put emphasis on creating innovative water softening technologies to reduce water pollution resulting from releasing residue into natural water bodies such as rivers and lakes.

As an example, EcoWater Systems is developing water softeners with the capability to adapt to water hardness. It aims at delivering a custom water softening solution.

Drivers of the Global Market for Water Softeners

Increasing awareness of the disadvantages of hard water in residential and commercial applications is driving the international water softener market.

The demand for water softeners is predicted to continue rising as many developing nations worldwide realize the need for soft water.

Moreover, increasing investments in water softener technology are expected to bring up lucrative opportunities in the worldwide market.

In previous years, more water softener kits were installed in the residential industry as urban households continue to grow.

It’s forecasted that the fast-paced growth of urbanization, water paucity, and increasing groundwater hardness will continue to drive water softeners to demand in the next decade.

Segmentation of the Global Market

The global market of water softeners is segmented into salt-free and salt-based water softener types. It’s also segmented into industrial, residential, and commercial segments based on application.

The residential market segment is expected to be the highest consumer of water softeners in the next five years. This has been attributed to an ever-growing consumer base. Commercial water softeners are also anticipated to gain traction.

Regional Forecast of the Global Water Softeners Market

The international water softeners market is segmented into the following regions:

  • Asia Pacific
  • North America
  • Central and South America
  • Europe
  • Africa
  • The Middle East

The Asia Pacific is expected to continue to grow in demand for water softeners within the forecast period. The drivers for water softeners demand in these regions include emerging economies of China and India. Moreover, growing awareness of water softeners and the benefits of soft water in everyday use will also drive regional market growth. Europe and North America are also anticipated to drive water softeners demand in the next decade.

Why People Who Want Total Body Workout Should Invest In Rowing Machine

Physical fitness is essential. It helps a person achieve and maintain ideal body weight and it also helps in avoiding dreadful diseases. There are many types of exercise; however, a total body workout is most ideal. It is the most effective method in burning calories and gaining muscle and bone strength because not only a specific body part is made to work, but all.

Using a dumbbell is a workout for the biceps. Using leg press tones the legs. Performing sit-ups gives six-pack abs. Isn’t it hassle and time-consuming to go from one instrument to another; or perform one routine after the other? Rather than performing these and many more exercises one by one, why not opt for a total body workout instead? With a full body routine, you can train the chest, abs, arms, legs, and back all at once. If you want to try this kind of workout to see for yourself how effective it is, you should buy a rowing machine and start getting the fit right at the comforts of your own home.

Using a Rowing Machine: How to Get Started A rowing machine is designed to simulate the process of rowing. This machine features an energy damper attached to a belt or strap and footrests. The first step in using this machine is to position the feet securely into the straps. Next, the body is positioned near the handle by properly bending the knees. Make sure to hold and grab the handle securely while rowing.

Then, start pulling off the footplate using the muscles of the legs. Once you have pulled enough, lean to a 45-degree angle ensuring the spine is aligned. A rowing machine is also called indoor rowing; meaning you can work out at home while watching your favorite movie.

Why Buy a Rowing Machine?
The act of pulling off the footplate works out the leg muscles. The process of pulling the handle back and forth works out the muscles of the arms. Leaning to a 45-degree angle works out the back muscles and while holding that position, you are working out your core muscles. After reading the steps listed above, by now you probably have an idea that a total body workout with just one equipment – rowing machine is possible. If you see a used concept 2 rowing machine for sale, then you should not think twice and buy it right away.

This machine offers many advantages making it a worthy investment. The first advantage, it is potent in toning the core, back and arm muscles. Remember you have to pull the handle by pulling the arms and body back. Your leg muscles will also be at work because you have to create resistance. The second advantage is — because it is a total body workout requiring continuous motion — it makes the heart at work, promoting blood circulation.

The third advantage is it is ideal for both beginners and pros because the rowing machine comes with adjustable resistance. The fourth advantage is it does not harm the joints and bones because they will not come in contact with hard surfaces. Last advantage is the possibility to workout at home – anytime.