How It Works: The Process of Softening Well Waters

As much as the body requires a certain amount of minerals for specific functions, too much of it can be harmful. The underlying rocks that support the well waters have different mineral components that make the water hard and harmful for domestic use. In addition, there could also be reactions, especially when dealing with calcium products like milk. This is the point you now need to soften the water as a surety for use. The overall goal of water softening is just to remain with sodium as the only ion. Since time immemorial there are many processes involved in softening water. The method depends on many factors of which some of them include

In perspective, we will look at four processes that make you enjoy the benefits of soft water.

i.    Ion-exchange method

In chemical reactivity, the reactivity series provides the ranks of different minerals and the rate of reactions. An ion with high reactive series removes ions from a lesser reactive mineral. Our aim is just to remain with the sodium ions in the water. In this method, resins with magnesium and potassium ions are exposed to the water to react with them. The advantage of this is the calcium is at a lower level hence easy ion exchange. At the end of the process, the water is exposed to sodium or potassium hydroxide for regeneration leaving the water easy to handle. These are some of the components in the soap that turn hard water into the fatty components and further lead to the formation of form for laundry operations.

ii.    Lime softening

Lime is mainly composed of calcium bicarbonate which is a base that reacts to the ion of higher reactivity series that calcium; in this case- potassium and magnesium. The softening in this method means that all the ions in the hard water are broken to smaller particles which are easy to manage and handle. In fact, it is the most common method in commercial water treatment options. It is in the form of crystals or powder which is simply exposed to the hard water. Once they are broken down, the water has sediments which settle at the bottom of the water tanks. You have many options when it comes to distilling the soft water. This is a method that you have to make sure you get the right quality of lime that is exposed to the hard water to get desired results.

iii.    Chemical analyzers

Have you asked yourself the components of some of the hair products in the form of shampoos? This is the work of chelating agents that acts also as water softeners. The main component is the citric acid which has the same effect as the potassium and magnesium ion when exposed to hard water. There are areas where sodium phytate and other organic compounds are exposed to well waters- which are naturally hard to have a smooth feeling. Before you choose on whichever method, you have to make sure you test the level of toxicity of the hard water to determine the method and quantity of the chemicals that you need to expose to the well for softening. Soft water has many advantages especially when it comes to water for domestic use. There is no need for abandoning the well water because of the water hardness when there are numerous options to soften it.

News and Reviews for AR-15 Scopes

You don’t need to burn up all available resources so as to discover great ar-15 optics with AR-15 Scope’s with insane magnification is easily available. There are ar 15 scopes that are fantastic qualities for the cash. They are extraordinary for the easygoing client who likes heading off to the range from time to time or for light-obligation chasing work. You probably won’t perceive the name brand, yet that is the reason the cost is a little lower than the challenge.

The AR-15 has a notoriety for being a mid-run shooting gun, yet that is certainly false. AR-15 can be utilized to accept respectably long-run shots also For a similar reason, we have thought of some pertinent realities and a rundown of the absolute best AR-15 long-run degrees accessible in the market. So how about we begin.

What To Look For In A Scope


Hitting anything reliably past 1000 yards show you have either marvelous abilities or astonishing luckiness. So shooting at that run were discussing doesn’t require exceptionally high amplification optics. As indicated by the old principle guideline, each 1x measures up to 100 yards. An optical extension with a limit of 15x amplification will be the best you need for your AR 15. Anything past that will make it hard to procure your objective rapidly.

Target Size

The span of the target focal point is a significant essential angle in the long-extend shooting. A bigger target focal point implies all the more light will enter. Thus, this will create a more splendid picture. Extensions up to 12x amplification by and large component target focal points of the greatest 40mm in breadth.

A substantial target focal point will, in any case, be bulkier and should be set higher over your rifle.


The reticle (cross-hair) of your extension encourages you in pointing correctly at your objective. There is a large number of reticles accessible available. Reticles, for example, BOO and Mil-Dot let you alter your rise and windage with a predefined set of spots so you don’t need to modify the turret inevitably.

Focal Plane

The central plane chooses the span of the reticle when the degree is zoomed in Degrees to come in two kinds of central setups. These are “First Focal Plane” and “Second Focal Plane”.

The significant contrast in these two is that the span of the reticle changes as for the objective when you amplify in a second central plane (SFP) scope. SFP is without a doubt better for long-extend shooting.

Top proposals for the best extensions for long range shooting with the AR-15:

Nikon Prostaff 12x40mm

The Nikon Prostaff is a cheap and tough answer for your long-extend shooting needs. The extension has a variable 4x-12x amplification which is ideal as for the most extreme viable scope of the AR 15. The huge 40mm distance across is ideal for long-extend shooting. It has completely multicoated optics for up to 98% light transmission. Its reticle modifications make it simple for you to point and hit your objectives from a long separation.

Leupold VX-R Patrol Rifle Scope

The Vx-r Patrol riflescope highlights a 3-9x variable amplifying power with a substantial 40 mm target focal point. It has a lit up reticle controlled by a solitary CR-2032 battery which is worked with a solitary catch.
The eye help scope of 3.7-4.2 inches makes it adept for taking long range shots with an AR 15 rifle.

Bushnell Optics Orop Zone 223

As the name proposes, this degree from Bushnell includes a Bullet Drop Compensation(BDC) reticle adjusted for 55-62 grain 556/.223 rounds. The completely multi-covered optics give splendid HO pictures. The objective turrets (1/4 MOA) give simple and exact changes in accordance with windage, rise, and parallax Made from a high-grade aluminum composite with an anodized completion, the extension is fixed with nitrogen to shield the focal points from hazing over

The wide scope of variable power from 4.5x – 18x gives you a chance to accept short just as long-extend shots. With a long eye alleviation of 37 inches, this second central plane degree keeps pace with its progressively costly rivals.

Why People Who Want Total Body Workout Should Invest In Rowing Machine

Physical fitness is essential. It helps a person achieve and maintain ideal body weight and it also helps in avoiding dreadful diseases. There are many types of exercise; however, a total body workout is most ideal. It is the most effective method in burning calories and gaining muscle and bone strength because not only a specific body part is made to work, but all.

Using a dumbbell is a workout for the biceps. Using leg press tones the legs. Performing sit-ups gives six-pack abs. Isn’t it hassle and time-consuming to go from one instrument to another; or perform one routine after the other? Rather than performing these and many more exercises one by one, why not opt for a total body workout instead? With a full body routine, you can train the chest, abs, arms, legs, and back all at once. If you want to try this kind of workout to see for yourself how effective it is, you should buy a rowing machine and start getting the fit right at the comforts of your own home.

Using a Rowing Machine: How to Get Started A rowing machine is designed to simulate the process of rowing. This machine features an energy damper attached to a belt or strap and footrests. The first step in using this machine is to position the feet securely into the straps. Next, the body is positioned near the handle by properly bending the knees. Make sure to hold and grab the handle securely while rowing.

Then, start pulling off the footplate using the muscles of the legs. Once you have pulled enough, lean to a 45-degree angle ensuring the spine is aligned. A rowing machine is also called indoor rowing; meaning you can work out at home while watching your favorite movie.

Why Buy a Rowing Machine?
The act of pulling off the footplate works out the leg muscles. The process of pulling the handle back and forth works out the muscles of the arms. Leaning to a 45-degree angle works out the back muscles and while holding that position, you are working out your core muscles. After reading the steps listed above, by now you probably have an idea that a total body workout with just one equipment – rowing machine is possible. If you see a used concept 2 rowing machine for sale, then you should not think twice and buy it right away.

This machine offers many advantages making it a worthy investment. The first advantage, it is potent in toning the core, back and arm muscles. Remember you have to pull the handle by pulling the arms and body back. Your leg muscles will also be at work because you have to create resistance. The second advantage is — because it is a total body workout requiring continuous motion — it makes the heart at work, promoting blood circulation.

The third advantage is it is ideal for both beginners and pros because the rowing machine comes with adjustable resistance. The fourth advantage is it does not harm the joints and bones because they will not come in contact with hard surfaces. Last advantage is the possibility to workout at home – anytime.

Missouri News

On April 17 and 18, the Missouri LAOH State Convention was held.  Vice President, Mary Kathryn Victor did a marvelous job in organizing it at the Embassy Suites in St. Charles.  On Friday night, there was a Happy Hour, which all the LAOH from St. Louis brought appetizers and snacks.  The LAOH from Kansas City brought all the paper supplies needed.  It was a fun night where all the Missouri Ladies were able to meet and enjoy time with each other.  Then on Saturday morning, there was a meeting where the new LAOH Missouri officers were elected.  The new officers are:  President Mary Kathryn Victor (from St. Louis LAOH John F. Kennedy Division); Vice President Patti Clark (from Kansas City LAOH Padraic Pearse Division); Secretary Sandi Swift (from St. Louis LAOH John F. Kennedy); Treasurer Loretta Sheerin (from St. Louis John F. Kennedy Division); Historian Julie Dunn (from St. Louis John F. Kennedy Division); Missions and Charities Pat Karns (from Kansas City LAOH Padraic Pearse Division), and Catholic Action Julie Hogan (St. Louis LAOH St. Patrick’s Division).  Later in the day, all members could visit the St. Charles area of shops, go to the Casino or just visit.  Then at 5:00 p.m., LAOH Chaplain Lawrence Herzog said the Mass.  Following Mass, all went to a Banquet in the Hotel.  Fr. Lawrence Herzog installed the new officers after the dinner.  Fr. Herzog was presented with a LAOH Chaplain Sash from the Past President, Sharron Olsen.  Great time held by all.

Archbishop John Ireland Division 4 on parade

Saint Paul, MN, Saint Patrick’s Day in Saint Paul was simply grand!

We had a nice sunny day; mid-40’s by parade time (not bad for mid-March) and a wonderful turnout.The festivities started at 9:30 am Holy Mass sponsored by Archbishop John Ireland Division 4, AOH.

Mass was celebrated at the beautiful Cathedral of Saint Paul by Auxiliary Bishop Lee Piche – French, but as he noted in his homily, Irish on Saint Patrick’s Day.  The Mass included an Irish piper leading us in with the great piece “Slane” and ending with “A NationOnce Again”.  At Mass, the AOH Division 4 recognized our annual scholarship students who hail from three Catholic high schools in Ramsey County.

We also presented the Archdiocese of Saint Paul-Minneapolis with a $1000 donation to the Saint Paul Seminary. Our AOH members teamed up with the local chapter of the Knights of Columbus (whom we share members) preparing a terrific brunch in Hayden Hall (parish hall located in the basement of the Cathedral).After Mass, we were off to the 49th Annual St. Patrick’s Day Parade in downtown Saint Paul which started at noon.

The Archbishop John Ireland Division 4 marched with our fellow Hibernians from Minnesota’s Shamrock Division 1 along FifthStreet while the Brian Boru Bag Pipers (marching in front of us) provided arresting Irish “trad” tunes all the up the paraderoute for the thousands of onlookers. The parade ended at historic Rice Park where parade marchers and onlookers intermingled for a good old-fashioned Irish hooley


Finucane Portrait Dedicated

The Irish Echo newspaper recently held a St Patrick’s Day reception on Capitol Hill to unveil a portrait of the late Pat Finucane (1949-1989) – the slain civil rights attorney from Belfast.  The Echo commissioned artist Robert Ballagh to produce the painting.  Congressman Richard E. Neal Chairman of the Friends of Ireland and Congressman Chris Smith unveiled the portrait inside a well appointed meeting room in the Capitol Building just down the hall from the House Floor.

The portrait was unveiled to an audience of more than one hundred members of Congress and Irish American leaders. The AOH was well represented at the event that including Freedom for All Ireland Chairman Sean Pender, National Editor and Director Keith Carney and Washington brothers Jack O’Brien, John McInerney, Roury McDonald (whose father worked with Pat Finucane).  Baltimore brothers Daniel Layden, Mike Breen, Bill Pribyl and Malachy McAlister also attended.

The reception included a special guest, Pat Finucane’s wife Geraldine.  A truly moved Mrs. Finucane had trouble overcoming her bittersweet emotions at the event.  She thanked all for the special portrait and described all of the attendees in the rooms as “friends,” which was appropriate.